The Low Down On Home Lawn Care and Maintenance

What is Lawn Mowing?

Maintaining a rough lawn at your home only requires occasional cutting with a suitable machine, or grazing by animals. Keeping a lawn and grass area smooth and closely cut at your home, be it for aesthetic or practical reasons or due to social pressures from neighbors and local municipal ordinance requires it, necessitates more organized and regular treatments. Usually once a week is adequate for maintaining a lawn in most climates. However, in the hot and rainy seasons of regions contained in hardiness zones greater than eight, lawn areas may need to be maintained up to two time per week.

Further In-Depth On Care Of Your Lawn

Summer lawn care requires raising the mower machine’s blades for cool season grasses, and lowering it for warm season grasses. In order to remain green (preventing dormancy), most grass lawns will require longer and more frequent watering, best done early in the morning or evening to reduce evaporation. When grass is actively growing is also the best time to apply an all purpose fertilizer to help keep the turf green and build strong roots.

In the autumn season, thatch build up that occurs in warm season grasses should be removed, although some lawn experts’ opinions are divided on this subject. This is also a good time to add a sandy loam top dressing and apply a fertilizer containing some type of wetting agent. Cool season lawns can be planted in autumn if there is adequate rainfall.

Maintaining a lawn with groundskeeping work
Maintaining a lawn with groundskeeping work

Lawn care in the winter is minimal for most areas if your location does not experience the ground freezing and snow, requiring mostly light feedings of organic material such as green waste compost and minerals to encourage earthworms and beneficial microbes to thrive. The topic alone of organic materials for fertilizing lawns will be designated for a different and separate blog post of its own as it requires intricacies that would be too much for this post.

Recommended Grass Cutting Procedures

  • Mowing regularly with a sharp blade at an even height
  • Now mowing when the lawn is wet
  • Removing no more than 30% of the plant tissue in any one cut
  • Alternating the direction of cut from the previous mowing
  • Scarifying and dethatching, then sweeping and raking to remove dead grass, leaves and other debris to prevent tufting
  • Rolling the lawn to encourage tilling (branching of grass plants) and to firm the ground for sports turf field
  • Top dressing with sand, soil or other material
  • Aeration with a spike aerator or plug aerator to relieve compaction of the soil and allow greater absorption of nutrients
  • Seeding to cover patchy areas and maintain thick turf

There are so many more things that must be done, so stay tuned to the latest posts to learn more!